Northwest LGBTQ history since 1970: index of articles
- Timeline: Pre-Stonewall LGBTQ History (pre-1970) in Oregon
- Significant dates in early Oregon LGBTQ history.
- Timeline: Oregon LGBTQ History Since 1970
- Here's a quick look at significant dates in Oregon's LGBTQ community.
- Oregon Trans Timeline, Edited by Danni/y Rosen, Ampersand Crates, George Nicola
- A history of Oregon's trans community, in timeline format. A work in progress.
- Oregon Youth Timeline, Edited by Ampersand Crates.
- A work in progress, looking at programs and services for LGBTQ Youth in the Portland area.
Histories and dates
- How the Portland Gay Movement Was Born, by George T. Nicola.
- In 1970, a young man attempted to run a personal ad in Portland's Willamette Bridge. It read, “Gay, longhair, young, lonely, seeks meaningful relationship with same." The ad never ran, but it turned out to be one of the more important things that never appeared in print in Portland.
- Early Attempts at Oregon Gay Civil Rights, by George T. Nicola.
- Every year between 1973 and 2007, bills for LGBTQ civil rights were proposed to the Oregon State Legislature. Queer civil rights finally became law on January 1, 2008. Here are recollections of the early struggles.
- Milestones in LGBT Law in Oregon, by George T. Nicola.
- An explanation of the significant advancements, and organized challenges to, legal equality for LGBTQ people in Oregon.
- History of Oregon LGBT Rights Law, by George T. Nicola.
- LGBTQ civil rights came to Oregon one small step at a time, as various jursdictions responded to particular challenges. Here's a survey of litigation and legislation that shaped the civil rights scene that we know in 2013.
- Significant dates and anniversaries for Oregon's LGBT Community, by George T. Nicola
- Some anniversaries that are significant in the struggle for LGBTQ civil rights in Oregon – a work in progress.
- A history of the freedom to marry in Oregon, by George T. Nicola.
- Starting with domestic partner benefits, the idea that LGBTQ couples could gain legitimacy in Oregon.
- Oregon’s Psychiatric Establishment’s Pioneering Support of Gay Civil Rights,
by George T. Nicola.
- Eight months before the American Psychiatric Association took homosexuality off of its "sick list," the Oregon Chapter of the APA was on record as supporting gay civil rights.
Anti-Gay Ballot Measures in Oregon
- Oregon Anti-Gay Ballot Measures, by George T. Nicola.
- Exact counts are difficult, but it appears that Oregon has suffered through more anti-gay ballot measures than any of the other United States. Here's a list a list and an explanation of the most significant ones.
- Oregon Anti-Gay Ballot Measures Detailed Study, by George T. Nicola.
- The "Oregon System" of initiative, referendum and recall, was designed to give Oregon voters a direct voice in governance. However, the initiative process has also been used against the LGBTQ population in an effort to limit civil rights.
- Measure 9 Background, by Gay & Lesbian Archives of the Pacific Northwest, ed. George T. Nicola.
- On November 3, 2012, GLAPN, Q Center, Basic Rights Oregon and the Human Rights Campaign gathered at Q Center to mark the 20th Anniversiary of the defeat of the Oregon Citizens Alliance's Ballot Measure 9. This background piece was provided to participants and to the press.
- A History of Oregon's Major LGBTQ Equality Organizations, by George T. Nicola.
- Organizations evolve to meet new challenges, and personnel change with the years. Here's a look at Oregons LGBTQ organizations from the beginnings in the 1970s through the marriage campaigns of 2014. Read More …
- The Imperial Courts of the Pacific Northwest: Oregon, Washington and British Columbia. Compiled by George T. Nicola, Harold Strong, and Daniel Barrows
- In terms of service, impact, and sheer duration, there is nothing in the LGBTQ community to equal The Imperial Courts. GLAPN and members of the Imperial Sovereign Rose Court (Portland, Oregon) collaborated on this listing of regional Imperial Court resources.
- Gay Square Dancing: The Beginnings of the Rosetown Ramblers, by Richard Burdon.
- LGBT folks who came out in the 1980s were interested in alternatives to the gay bar-and-bathhouse social scene. Square dancing was one of the activities that caught on, and GLAPN historian Duck Burdon has been a member of the Rosetown Ramblers since their second meeting.
- Periodical Print Mass Media in the Oregon LGBTQ Movement, by George T. Nicola
- As complete a list as we can find of significant publications in Portland's LGBTQ community.
LGBTQ people in elected or appointed office
- Some openly LGBT people who have held elective office in Oregon, by George T. Nicola.
- While Oregonians debated LGBT rights through local and statewide ballot measures, LGBT people were being elected, and re-elected, to public office. Here's a partial list.
- Some openly LGBT people who have been appointed to public office in Oregon, by George T. Nicola.
- A number of LGBT individuals have been appointed to influential positions in state and local government over the years. Here's a partial list.
Some reflections on Oregon LGBTQ history
- Some Notable Oregonians Who Have Been Bisexual, by George T. Nicola, ed. Ismoon Maria Hunter-Morton.
- The "B" in LGBTQ – some individuals who identify as bisexual, and who promote bisexual visibility in our community.
- The Persistent Ones: Some Reasons for Successes in the LGBTQ Movement, by George T. Nicola.
- Oregon's LGBTQ movement has had notable successes on many fronts in the continued struggle for equality. Here's a historian's look at the things that went well over the years. Read more …
- A Place at the Table: Some Interesting facts about the Oregon LGBTQ movement's history, by George T. Nicola.
- The list includes a few interesting facts about the Oregon LGBTQ movement’s history. Some of these may be unique, some may be firsts in the nation, still others might just be noteworthy.
LGBTQ community resources
- A History of Oregon HIV Resources, by George T. Nicola
- Here's a look at the programs that developed in the wake of the AIDS crisis, for treatment and support of victims of HIV in various communities across the state.
- Oregon LGBTQ Scholarship Resources, by George T. Nicola
- Since 1979, LGBTQ groups have been stepping up to offer scholarships specifically for members of our community. Here's a list of scholarship providers, and links to other sites with information for LGBTQ students.
- Pride Celebrations in Oregon, by George T. Nicola
- This article is not intended to be a complete history of Oregon LGBTQ Prides, but to provide some basic information from which more extensive research can be done.
- Oregon LGBTQ Performing Arts Groups, by George T. Nicola
- The purpose of this article is to provide basic information on past and current Oregon LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer) organizations that have been primarily involved in the performing arts. In most cases, these groups have been LGBTQ identified in their names. This article is not intended to include great detail. However, I hope it can provide a base which will allow others to do more extensive work.
Speeches, oral histories, personal profiles, miscellany
- Community Profile: Virginia Linder
- Salem, Oregon resident Virginia Linder retired at the end of 2015 after a distinguished legal career during which she never attempted to hid her lesbianism. She became a major role model for LGBTQ Americans, especially those who want to pursue the legal profession.
- Interview with Holly Hart, November, 2000.
- Holly Hart was writing mostly on feminist issues in 1970 at Portland's underground newspaper, Willamette Bridge, when fellow staff writer John Wilkinson proposed the founding of a Gay Liberation Front in Portland. Holly came out at that point, writing in support and organizing a women's presence in the GLF, and subsequently working as an attorney in Portland and serving at a statewide level in early LGBTQ organizations. This is an interview by students in Portland State University's Queer History Capstone, conducted in November, 2000.
- Interview with John Wilkinson and Dave Davenport in July, 2003, courtesy of Northwest Lesbian and Gay History Museum Project
- John Wilkinson wrote an article in Portland's "underground" Willamette Bridge in 1970 that led to Portland's earliest public gay organizing, and later he and his partner led a successful campaign for marriage equality in the state of Washington. This is a transcription of an interview of John and Dave, done by a Seattle LGBTQ historical organization.
- Speech given by Khalil Edwards, black LGBTQ activist,
- at an August 24, 2013 rally commemorating the 50th anniversary of the 1963 March on Washington, Waterfront Park, Portland, Oregon. Transcript and audio
- A Compass for our Future, by Suzanne Deakins, PhD
- Deakins describes a moment when she understood the connections between violence, creativity and history, and how it applies to her support of GLAPN, and the study of history in general.
- Four columns for Just Out, by Robin Will, January-April 2013.
- Just Out was a tabloid news magazine which circulated in Portland's LGBTQ community between 1983 and 2013. GLAPN provided short columns on local queer history for the last few issues of the publication, and we're reproducing them here.
- A Different Daughter, Billye Talmadge, by Suzanne Deakins, September 21, 2015
- In September, 1955, Billye Talmadge, Ph.D., joined a group of other women for a gathering that would lay the foundation for the Daughters of Bilitis (DOB), the first lesbian civil rights group in America.
- PCC Cascade campus launches Queer Resource Center, by George T. Nicola, November, 2015
- The Cascade Campus of Portland Community College launched its new Queer Resource Center (QRC) with a grand opening on Monday, October 12, 2015
- Portland activist wins global recognition, by George T. Nicola, November, 2015
- Openly gay Portlander Trevor L. Chandler was chosen as one of the Top 50 Diversity Figures in Public Life in the Global Diversity List published by The Economist.
- PFLAG Portland wins national award, by George T. Nicola, November, 2015
- This year, the PFLAG Portland family of chapters was recognized for its leadership in developing its network of community-responsive chapters to better serve the diverse Portland Metro area. Read more …
- Local activists win Light-a-Fire Awards, by George T. Nicola, November, 2015
- This year, three of twelve Portland Monthly magazine's presents its Light a Fire Awards, (which it describes as their “annual celebration of good deeds” and “annual showcase of local individuals and organizations making Portland a better place to live, love, give, and grow,”) are people who have made substantial contributions to Portland’s LGBTQ community. Read more …
- Community Profile: Cascade AIDS Project, by George T. Nicola, November, 2015
- Incorporated in 1985, Portland based Cascade AIDS Project (CAP) is the oldest and largest AIDS service organization in Oregon and Southwest Washington. Read more …
- Community Profile: The Portland Area Business Association – PABA, by George T. Nicola, November 24, 2015.
- The Portland Area Business Association (PABA) was founded in 1992 to serve the local LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community and its allies. Read more …
- Dominick "Dom" Vetri: Pioneer in Oregon LGBTQ Law, by George T. Nicola
- Dom Vetri was a professor of law at University of Oregon in the 1970s, when LGBTQ civil rights were emerging as an issue both locally and nationally. Read more …
- Kendall Clawson: A Leader in Oregon's 21st Century LGBTQ Community, by George T. Nicola.
- As executive director of Q Center starting in 2008, Kendall Clawson built the coalitions that moved the organization into the community mainstream. In 2011, she became a member of Governor John Kitzhaber's senior staff. Read more
- Cindy Cumfer: A Pioneer in LGBT Family Law, by George T. Nicol
- Cindy Cumfer has been active in the LGBT community since 1971, and as an attorney, her work with gay & lesbian parenting and partnership issues set trends nationally. Read more …
- Speech at Q Center, October 23, 2010, by George T. Nicola.
- In October, 2010, George Nicola helped GLAPN rally veterans of Oregon's Queer Civil Rights movement to speak at an "Our Stories" gathering at Q Center. Here's the speech he gave at that event.
- Speech at "Organizing for Social Justice," A History of LGBTQ Portland, by Steve Fulmer.
- Steve Fulmer's activism began as a student at Portland State University in the 1970s. He recalled some of that activism in a presentation for the "Organizing for Social Justice" series at PSU, on October 24, 2013.
- Coming Out in the 1970s in Southern Oregon: An interview with Estelline O'Harra and Nance Schaefle
- This interview was published in two parts, in the February and March, 1982, Portland Town Council newsletter, Oregon Gay Rights Report.
- Hearts and Voices: Michelle Abdill and Roxanne Ellis, by George T. Nicola.
- A lesbian couple were murdered during the height of Oregon Citizens Alliance organizing in Southern Oregon, by a man who said he "hated homosexuals."
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